How Narendra Modi’s “lack of education” is advantageous for him


Even though constitutionally our leaders need not be highly educated (even literate), we, especially the urban middle class, wish to have learned politicians to lead us. That’s the reason, Arvind Kejriwal, Jairam Ramesh and Manohar Parrikar with their IIT degrees are model leaders in popular perception. When educated professionals, be it Sashi Tharoor, Nandan Nilekani or Adarsh Shastri, join politics, we get over-excited with the hope that they will bring new perspectives to the old world of Indian politics. That’s the reason, in 2004, people of India had high expectations from the government led by eminent economist Dr Manmohan Singh. Is lack of proper education of our leaders dangerous then? What it means to have an uneducated leader?

A few months ago, Aakar Patel, in an article for The Mint, argued how “lack of proper education” can lead to certitude which can be dangerous at times. According to Mr Patel, “doubt is the sign of an enlightened mind” which is seen as indecision in India whereas certitude is seen as a “virtue in making leaders strong and decisive”, but decisive leaders tend to make stupid decision due to lack of awareness of opposing arguments. To quote Mr Patel, “Extreme certitude, of the sort we observe in Gujarat’s chief minister Narendra Modi, is actually a negative quality when coupled with a lack of proper education. Modi has never been to college and his degree is from a correspondence course”.

I beg to differ and let me explain why. First of all, in a country like ours, social status plays a huge role in determining the quality of education one can get. So don’t hold it against someone. And good education doesn’t necessarily guarantee good governance by the leader. But does lack of it affects the leadership and decision making process?

Usually, people in a leadership role but with less knowledge try to simplify the issue in their hand. They try to understand the issue in layman’s terms and they take the help of only experts and nobody else. To bring clarity in their understanding, they don’t hesitate to ask simple questions which the learned people may feel embarrassed to ask. They don’t leave the subject till they understand each aspect of it with utmost clarity. It is no wonder that Narendra Modi, the front-runner in the PM race, seeks inputs from economists and policy experts like Jagdish Bhagwati, Arvind Panagariya, Ravi Mantha and Bibek Debroy for his economic vision. A group intellectuals is closely working with Modi to shape his strategies to address many problems that India faces now.

Contrary to Aakar Patel’s argument that an uneducated leader may act on his instincts, he would actually rely more on data than his instincts. Therefore, the decision taken will be balanced, objective and effective. In fact, it is the highly educated leaders with their own personal bias and disdain for other’s views who have more chances of taking decisions unilaterally.

People with less education try to compensate the deficiency of theoretical knowledge with practical experience. Before taking any decision, they check if the same had been tried by anyone ever in the world and what was the outcome. This kind of research helps in finding out the best practices of the world and follow it in your area. Take for example the much talked about Narmada canal top solar power plant in Gujarat. The idea is to fix solar panels over the 19000km long Narmada canal network to generate solar power. This is actually an improved version of the idea of floating solar panels which was implemented first in a pond in California, US.

So, if you know your deficiencies in terms of formal education, you can actually use it to your advantage. Modi has been doing it as the Chief Minister of Gujarat and he will be able to do it as the Prime Minister as well.

Mood of the Indian Online Voter Survey – 2014

Can you spend 3 minutes of your time to help me understand the mood of the Indian online voter? Please give your response on this survey 

How Narendra Modi affected the #ElectionResults2013

The Modi Wave

The Modi Wave

As the #ElectionResults2013 started pouring in this morning, TV studios across the country started asking one common question: “Is there a Modi wave?”. The answer is, certainly, NO. The wave that has swept the four states (Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Chattishgarh) that went to the elections in 2013 is “Anti-Congress” in nature but Modi is the national face of this wave. Some political analysts have, however, expressed their doubts over Modi’s influence over the BJP‘s performance in the 4 states assembly elections as the BJP didn’t sweep Delhi and Chattishgarh. Did the BJP’s Prime Ministerial Modi fail to impress the people then? Let’s find out how the Modi factor affected the BJP’s performance in each of these 4 states.

Madhya Pradesh:

Madhya Pradesh is the state which was influenced the least by Modi. The reason was obviously the presence of a strong leader in the incumbent CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan. The BJP government boasted an impressive report card and the government was expected to get the mandate to rule the state for the third term. However, there was a belief that BJP’s strength in the assembly would be reduced with Congress doing a late catching up thanks to the leadership of Jyotiraditya Scindia. The results, however, show that BJP has actually gained seats compared to the last elections in MP despite the 10 years of incumbency. It can’t be conclusively said if the 20 odd seats that the BJP has gained was because of the Modi factor. In short, Modi had a limited influence in MP and he worked well in the supporting role in the state.

If I could rate Modi’s effect on the MP results on a 10 point scale, I would give 5/10.


Another state where BJP was set to return to power was Rajasthan. The state has a history of changing government in every 5 years. Add Vasundhara Raje‘s charisma to that and it was almost certain that Congress would lose the state despite it being the model state for the Congress brand of governance. But did anyone expect the Congress to hit the lowest mark with a measly 21 seats in a 199 member assembly? This decimation of congress was partly due to the Modi factor as accepted by Vasundhara Raje a short while ago. Gujarat being a neighboring state of Rajasthan, usually comparison happens between the two states in terms of governance. Gujarat’s progress under the Modi brand of governance certainly played a role in influencing the people of Rajasthan rejecting the congress brand.

Modi’s effect on the Rajasthan Results: 6/10


History suggests that assembly elections end up with close fights in Chattishgarh with 5-10 seats difference between the winner and the other party. BJP has retained its position (49 seats compared to 50 seats last time) even though the initial trends showed Congress inching ahead of the BJP. Despite the much lauded good governance provided by Dr Raman Singh and his government, there were doubts over the ability of this govt. to return to the power because of two basic reasons. One, the 10 years of incumbency and two (the most important as well), the behaviour of Bastar area which everyone thought would go in favor of the Congress expressing sympathy to the slain congress leaders in a maoist attack. Modi, a clever politician, knew this well and focused a lot on Chattishgarh. He visited several times and addressed 12 rallies in the state which has only 90 assembly seats (that’s one rally for every 7-8 seats). In the end if BJP managed to retain power despite the doubtful start, a large part of the credit must also go to Modi.

Modi’s effect on the Chattishgarh Results: 7/10


Despite the 15 years of Congress rule, BJP was never in a position threaten Congress in Delhi. It was always hopeful of getting back to the power by default as the only viable alternative to encash the anger for Congress misrule. On the emergence of another strong alternative in the form of Arvind Kejariwal’s AAP, BJP didn’t start its campaign well. AAP’s volunteer activism based campaign was well suited for Delhi and thanks to its clean image, it started capturing the anti-congress votes. Thanks to the infighting and lack of a leader with a clean image, BJP was losing out in the race initially.

Narendra Modi‘s intervention in this scenario was on two fronts. First, he projected Dr Harshvardhan with a clean image as the BJP’s CM candidate in Delhi. As the decision had the backing of Modi, long-time CM hopeful Vijay Goel had to go with the decision without creating any drama. Modi also addressed 7 mega rallies (1 each in every Lok Sabha constituency/1 rally for every 7 assembly constituency).

As per the results announced today, BJP has ended up as the single largest party in Delhi and within a striking distance from a simple majority. There’s just one question for those asking “where’s the Modi wave?”. Considering AAP’s stunning performance and the splitting of the anti-congress votes, would the BJP have won the 33 seats it has now secured if Modi hadn’t been a factor? That should answer how Modi affected the Delhi elections.

Modi’s effect on the Delhi Results: 8/10


Rahul-rage on Convicted Neta Ordinance: 5 Things You Need To Understand


“My opinion on this ordinance is that it’s complete nonsense”, Rahul Gandhi thundered at the Press Club of India. Rahul added that the ordinance that seeks to protect convicted MPs and MLAs “should be torn up and thrown away”. What was on Rahul’s mind when he outrightly rejected the same ordinance that his party’s govt. cleared and sent for the approval of the President of India? Was the Congress Vice President really kept ignorant on such an important government decision? What’s the message that the Gandhi scion and the Congress party wanted to give? Here are the five things you need to understand on the whole issue.

1. Rahul wants to regain his image
A few years ago, when Rahul Gandhi entered the arena of politics, he was hailed as the symbol of the aspirations of the Indian youth. People had expected Rahul Gandhi to change the way politics is done in India. He had also created the right noises initially to gain an image of a new age politician who could bring back respect to Indian politics.

But Rahul Gandhi’s abject failure and poor performance as an important politician and a member of parliament caused a loss of that image. His silence on several issues of national importance didn’t help his cause. UPA’s track record on corruption and mis-governance was also linked to Rahul’s image. As a result, the youth has now accepted a 60+ Modi as its favorite hero and role model. In fact, my guess is even Arvind Kejriwal is more popular among the youth than the ‘young’ Gandhi.

Rahul wants to regain that ‘role model of youth’ image back. As the youth is angry with the rising influence of criminals in the politics, Team Rahul decided to use the Convicted Neta ordinance for this effect. Rejecting the ordinance could be the least he could do to bridge the increasing gap between him and the young voices of India.

2. Rahul Gandhi wants to look strong
As part of his image makeover strategy, Rahul wants to look decisive and strong. Perhaps to counter the Modi effect. While the BJP’s PM candidate, Narendra Modi, wins new fans with every speech of his, Rahul Gandhi, who lacks oratorical skills, has an image of a soft and confused leader in the public perception.

To reverse such views, Rahul, wanted to show determination and firmness in his views on the controversial ordinance. He used strong words like ‘nonsense’, ‘torn up’ and ‘thrown away’ to show his conviction. However, only time will tell how the people will react to Rahul’s outburst against his own party’s govt.

3. The whole drama was pre-planned
Yes, with a certain amount of confidence, I believe the Rahul-rage is not genuine and was meticulously planned. Rahul is an SPG protectee. He can not suddenly reach somewhere without first informing the SPG which is entrusted with the job of his security. As per some media reports, the SPG was well aware of Rahul’s plans to visit PCI. SPG was, apparently, instructed to secretly and silently, make necessary arrangements for Rahul’s protection. One TV anchor also said that PCI was informed last night by the Congress party (while booking the venue for ‘Meet the Press’ event) that ‘one big leader’ may remain present with Ajay Maken during the press meet.

Apart from that the visible restlessness to speak as soon as possible, rolling up sleeves frequently, inattentiveness towards other speakers and immediate leaving after making his point were some of the indicators that the only purpose of his presence was to make that statement.

4. Manmohan Singh doesn’t fit into Congress’ game plan for 2014
On this blog, I had written a year or two ago that Congress would dump Manmohan and promote Rahul Gandhi as the face of change in 2014. Today’s events strongly point in that direction. Rahul’s drama tried to paint the Manmohan led UPA govt. as sympathetic to the criminals, while the Rahul led Congress as intolerant of crime and corruption. This is a clear indicator that Manmohan will be made the fall guy for all the mistakes UPA has committed so far.

5. Congress saved itself from multiple embarrassments (From BJP & President of India)
BJP scored a few brownie points by making its opposition to the ordinance public. Its vocal resistance pushed the Congress to the backfoot. Similarly, President Mr. Pranab Mukherjee summoning 3 cabinet ministers to explain the hurry to push the ordinance was also embarrassing for the government of the day. It also raised the doubt if the President of India was contemplating to refuse to sign the ordinance. That would be the most embarrassing that the congress leadership could expect.

So, in a master stroke, the Congress party staged the drama which not only brought Rahul Gandhi back to prominence but also saved the govt. from a major embarrassment. If the President actually refuses to sign it (while this post is being written, Times Now has tweeted citing its sources that “Pranab not to sign the ordinance”) , the party can claim that that the president’s action was in respect to Rahul Gandhi and the Indian youth’s views.

What are SOPA & PIPA? Explanation in a layman’s language

Wikipedia observed a 24hrs blackout protesting against SOPA

SOPA and PIPA are the buzzing words on the internet these days. For the whole of last week, I noticed lots of discussions and activities happening around these two words on almost all social networks and online forums. Websites like Wikipedia, Reddit (and 7000 others) went dark for 24 hours protesting against SOPA & PIPA. With little efforts, I managed to understand that SOPA is ‘Stop Online Piracy Act’, a law proposed in the US Congress to stop the act of ‘piracy’. Similarly, PIPA stands for ‘Protect IP Act’, a bill almost similar to SOPA moved in US Senate. Then why so much outrage against the laws proposed to ‘stop online piracy’? Apparently, these two proposed US bills can potentially bring censorship on internet. I’m sure most of us know this much with no idea about the details of the two acts.

SOPA’s progress has been delayed as the bill was recalled on Friday. It has now been sent to cold storage till ‘wider consensus’ is achieved. So the proposed law, now recalled, was bad. But how bad and why so?

Today, while doing a detailed research on the topic to find out how exactly the bill is supposed to bring censorship, I found out some excellent resources which explain the whole issue beautifully. I am sharing the resources for the help of those who want to know more but still have no idea about the minute details of these two bills.

Check the video by Salman Khan of Khan Academy that does a brilliant job in describing the cons of two bills in a lucid manner. If you do not possess the technical knowledge of how internet works (Don’t worry, even the US politicians who support SOPA & PIPA have admitted that they don’t understand how internet works), this video is for you.

Those who have more time, you should this article from ‘What Is SOPA?’. A bit geeky stuff but gives a clearer picture. It lists out potential hazards of such laws with examples.

If the intention of the bills is to stop piracy, then SOPA and PIPA are definitely not the answer. To solve the problem of piracy, the cause of piracy needs to be addressed. In the current form, SOPA & PIPA don’t seem to be doing that rather it stands as a grave threat to the idea of free speech and freedom.

You can read the full text of the bill here: Stop Online Piracy Act 2011-12

What are your views on the proposed legislation? Share your views in the comments.

Taking the ‘quality @ IIT’ debate to the next level

Being an Engineering student myself, INFOSYS founder Mr. Narayan Murthy’s comments on the quality of students at IITs and the debate that followed interested me. Mr. Murthy commented that the coaching institutes that prepare students for cracking the IIT JEE entrance examination are the primary reason for the decrease in the quality of students entering IITs. Expectedly, the comments caused furore. Some opposed and some supported this view. But that’s it. That’s how debates happen in our country. People talk pros and cons of a topic, stress on trivial issues and the topic dies a premature death. Debates are rarely taken to the next level here.

My personal opinion on this issue is that coaching institutes are definitely not the reason for falling standards. These are the symptoms of a larger problem in the IIT entrance system. These institutes just exploit the loopholes in that system. The larger problem is the unnecessary importance the IIT exam system gives on the rank secured in the JEE. If single factor decides your entry to prestigious institutes like IITs, then everyone will try to score over others on that single factor. And that is when the third parties like coaching institutes come into the picture promising you to help in this cut-throat race. The present entrance system ensures only ruthless competition but no one ever pondered: Is this competition worth it? Does IITs get what they deserve? And most importantly, do the students who deserve IITs get there through this system?

There is one more issue, in my opinion, that is responsible for the falling quality of IIT students. Do people genuinely interested in engineering get into Engineering institutions? The answer is no. When you say, the present quality is not like what used to be, it really means previously those interested in pursuing career in Engineering used to enter such institutes and others chose other options. But the case is different now. Most of the students joining Engineering do not join it because they love it but because they (and their parents, relatives and ‘well wishers’) find Engineering course ‘glamorous’. Have you ever wondered why the quality of IIT students is more than the quality of students at state engineering colleges and the quality of the latter more than the quality of students studying in private colleges? The reason is the same. No wonder, more uninspired engineers are produced from the local private colleges.

But never ever a debate happens over this. We are only interested to know whether Narayan Murthy was right. But thankfully, IIT Guwahati Director has taken the debate to the next level. This morning, an interview of Mr. Gautam Barua, Director, IITG appeared in the Sunday TOI. I am reproducing the interview here and urge you to read it. Emphasis has been added to the parts of the interview that I found most important.

The Interview of Gautam Barua to TOI

TOI: Do you agree with N R Narayana Murthy’s comment that the quality of students entering IITs is poor?

Gautam Barua (GB): I don’t agree with the comment that IIT students are not good. I don’t fully agree with what Narayana Murthy said. The issue really is how the obsession with coaching is affecting the students entering IITs.

TOI: How is the coaching culture affecting students?

GB: It makes its impact on students after their selection. On entering the IITs after undergoing excessive coaching, the students are almost burnt-out and mentally fatigued. Then the IITs for them become a place to relax. Coaching is the primary reason that affects the performance of students. A mindset has been created that if they (students) do not opt for coaching, they may not have the chance to get admission to the IITs. That is why there is such a big business in coaching.

IIT has a brand value. Parents and students want to enter IIT without thinking what they will do. So after they graduate from the IITs, many of them don’t go for engineering jobs; they rather go for the finance sector, management or do jobs which have no connection with engineering. We have seen that about half of the students from IITs are really not interested in engineering.

TOI: Isn’t that undermining the excellent engineering education imparted by the institution?

GB: It is time for the government to create IIT-like institutions in the field of humanities. Let there be IIT-like institutions in economics, philosophy and other fields of humanities, with IIT-like campuses and branding. Then it will no longer be necessary for students to get admitted to IITs and later join non-engineering jobs. 

TOI: Does coaching by private institutes make entry into the IITs easier?

GB: IIT coaching is an industry now. But it doesn’t matter to us when it comes to student admissions. Even if there are no coaching centres, the IITs will fill up their seats with students.

TOI: Is there a move to make changes in the selection process of IITs?

GB: Yes, the government and the IIT council discussed the issues of the entrance examination and coaching institutes in September. It was decided to change the admission process where the current JEE will be replaced by the school board results and results of an aptitude test. Since there are 30 school boards in the country, a common method of standardized board results has to be decided upon. The method proposed by the council is to use the percentile ranks of students. There is little arithmetic in this. In this method, the absolute marks will be decided as the rank of the student in his/her board along with the size of the board (i.e., number of students taking the examination in the science stream in the board).

TOI: Will this method reduce the students’ over-dependence on coaching?

GB: Once this scheme is in place, the coaching part will be part of the board exams. So, with this method, school education becomes very important. I think it will be fine for schools to prepare students for the IITs.

TOI: Has the IIT brand changed or lost its sheen in recent years?

GB: Two decades back, the IIT as a brand solely depended on quality BTech students. Today, more than half of all the students in the IITs are in post-graduate courses. So in the 21st century, the IIT is in the process of building its brand through research and development, rather than through BTech output.

*End Of Interview*

I will be an engineering graduate in less than a year but admittedly I never loved engineering. Now I want to do an MBA but this time it is a conscious decision unlike the one I took 4 years ago. People often ask me why do I want an MBA after ‘wasting’ 4 years in Engineering (asking this question has become fashionable after the 3Idiots). I am blamed to have wasted Government’s money by joining engineering in a prestigious state govt. funded college and then shied away from doing engineering jobs. But the BBA/B.Com stream (students of which stream should logically get into the MBA bandwagon) was never made ‘glamorous’ for me to join it. This world always gave priority to the B.Tech+MBA degrees. So where is my mistake in choosing Engineering as my launchpad for an MBA degree? People join Medical or Engineering after Higher Secondary education simply because these fields are glamorous. If there had been any other glamorous and seemingly productive way available to go the MBA way, I (and many like me) might have used that. This is effectively the reason why the quality of engineers is dropping day by day. We, the ‘uninspired’ engineers, block the seats of those who might have loved engineering more than us. But the system gave neither us nor them an option. As Mr. Barua said in the interview, let there be top class IIT like institutes in every field of education so that students can pursue career in an area of their choice. Only then you should expect students of quality expected by IITs joining IITs.

[Sorry to the regular readers for not updating this blog for last one and half months. Academic pressure kept me away from the blog even though a number of incidents happened during this period that I would have loved to cover. The compulsions are not going to end anytime soon. So it may be hard to keep this space updated. May be till February next year. My target will be to find time to write at least one post per month till February 2012.]

To All Lokpal Supporters: Where is your common sense?

Yesterday, I received an SMS. The content of the SMS was something like this. “A 7 year old boy XYZ from Hyderabad is suffering from cancer. His family is very poor. You can help his family by just forwarding this message. All leading mobile service providers have agreed to pay XYZ’s family 20 paisa for each message sent. You can also confirm this by talking to XYZ’s father on this number: 09*********.” As soon as I read the whole sms, I was sure that this is nothing but a spam message. But I decided to call the number given in the sms out of curiosity. When I called the number, the computerised voice on the other side said, “The number you are trying doesn’t exist”. I wasn’t surprised even though I had not expected this outcome. You have to admire the person who started this sms chain not because of his mischievous intent but because of how effortlessly he could trap everyone till me in the chain by putting a wrong mobile number. No one bothered to dial that number to talk to XYZ’s father at least to show some sympathy but felt nice that they did their bit to help a boy suffering from cancer by just forwarding a small SMS. Complete lack of common sense, no?

As soon as I deleted the message, suddenly a thought flashed in my mind. I could relate this sms with the whole Anna-Lokpal episode. Someone called Anna Hazare (may not with the mischievous intent that of the SMS chain initiator) claims that ‘India’ is suffering from Corruption (which is like cancer) and to help India to fight corruption, the people need to support a concept called Lokpal. This Lokpal can single handedly uproot the mighty corruption in our system. But like the sms forwarders who never bothered to check the truth of the content of the SMS, people did not bother to check the truth behind Anna Hazare’s words. While everyone is interested in what will be the powers of this lokpal, no one is ready to ask the simple question: ‘Do we really need a Lokpal?’ May be the lack of common sense playing a role?

I don’t want to go into ‘why lokpal is not a solution to corruption’ topic again. You can check my views from my last post here. The simple question I want to raise in today’s post is why are we not ready to use our common sense? People want to depend on an imaginary body like lokpal to curb corruption in India, but why can’t they stop taking or giving bribes? People don’t realise that the key to fight corruption lies in their hands. Imagine what if all the supporters of Anna who visited the Ramlila Maidan or the local protest sites in different states decide not to give or ask for bribes. This commonsensical way will be more effective in curbing corruption than building a whole new institution called lokpal.

Anna must be given the credit for awakening the Indians against corruption in our system but he must not lead his followers to support his cause of creating a ‘white elephant’ for the country. People must realise that If not having Lokpal is not the cause of corruption, then having a lokpal will not stop corruption. Lokpal, which makes the already complex system more complex, can at best be just a job generating agency considering the number of employees the proposed body will need. But it can’t satisfy the basic purpose of ‘eliminating’ corruption. So a simple advice to all pro-Lokpal anti-corruption crusaders, Please, use the common sense before jumping into the fight with a flawed goal.

A Request: This blog is doing ‘The New Dimension: The Mood of the youth’ Survey on the internet. If you are an Indian citizen and your age is between 18-45, take part in this survey by filling up this form -> The results of the survey will be published soon on this blog.

Anna tum sangharsh karo, par mein tumhare saath nahin

The Lokpal proposed by Team Anna is not the Solution (Photo: AP / Gurinder Osan)

Why I am not with Anna Hazare in HIS battle against corruption?

In the season of scams and corruption scandals, it is ‘cool’ to be seen on the side of an ‘anti-corruption’ crusader. At the cost of sounding un-cool, I would like to express my views on why Anna Hazare’s Jan Lokpal is a blemished idea to eradicate corruption. Let me tell you from the very beginning that this post is only about the flaws in the Lokpal concept and will not go into other defects in the whole Hazare movement. Method of protest, flaws in the Jan lokpal draft prepared by Team Anna, comparison of Sarkari and Anna’s Lokpal and Team Anna undermining the supremacy of the parliament etc. are all different but related issues which I will avoid in this post to be able to explain the basic idea clearly. The basic idea that: Lokpal is not the solution to finish corruption.

The problem statement we have in our hand is “How to finish/diminish corruption in India?” It is logical to go to the cause of corruption before thinking to eradicate/decrease corruption. Why do corruption happen? Why do we have to pay bribe? After doing corruption, why most of the scams are not exposed? And lastly, if exposed, why most of the culprits manage to escape the punishment? When we say that we are outraged against corruption, we actually mean that we are outraged against these happenings. So think why all these things happen? Isn’t it because of ‘having too many authorities in the country?’

There are numerous government departments, institutions and authorities to look after different aspects of governance. We really need many of these institutions simply because a limited number of organisations can’t govern the huge and varied population we have in our country. But the governments (state and center) have never been able to provide all facilities to these institutions to provide the services effectively to the huge population. So when we (Common public/business organisations) go to all these institutions for accessing the services, we don’t get the perfect service. As we face this in almost all existing institutions (and there are too many of them), we look for shortcuts to get better and speedy service. These shortcuts are known as corruption. If we deserve good service still we have to adopt the corrupt means, then it is okay as ultimately the required job is done. Let’s call it ‘soft corruption’. But thanks to the existence of such corrupt means, some undeserving ones also get the services those are not meant for them. This is the dangerous form of corruption we can call as ‘hard corruption’. The hard corruption is the result of the soft form of corruption which is the result of the too many institutions. This is the root cause of corruption in India. Take some recent examples of hard corruption like CWG Scam and 2G scam etc. and you can understand how the complexity of too many departments led to these scams.

There is one more factor that also lead to graft. Having too may rules and laws which were never clearly defined and implemented meant the numerous institutions could use the loopholes and grey area in these laws to do and then hide corruption.

So, how do you think we can eliminate corruption from public sphere that is caused by having numerous departments, organisations, rules and laws? Obviously not by having a new set of departments, organisations, rules and laws! The idea of having a lokpal is flawed simply because, quoting from Harini Calamur’s blog post, it adds one more layer of bureaucracy.

The lokpal is not just one person. It will be, if implemented, a huge body that will look into every corruption case of all kind in all the states of India. Plus the body is set to be given super powers to check graft. How can we be sure that no one in this new vast system to check corruption will not be corrupt? Without any check, such super cop like institutions are more susceptible to corruption. And who will guarantee that this super man body will not behave with highhandedness?

Another reason why the concept of having a powerful ombudsman is defected is that it doesn’t address the cause but tries to deal with the symptoms. I would like to use the analogy that noted blogger Sanjeev Sabhlok used in his post “Are you serious about removing corruption?”

Imagine a malaria infested area near a stagnant pond. If you keep killing mosquitoes, or using half-open mosquito nets, or have people who want to be bitten by mosquitoes, then you can’t get rid of malaria.

Mosquitoes bite at night. They are invisible. You can’t kill all the mosquitoes individually. Similarly, the corrupt operate in invisible ways. They are blatant, but invisible. And there are lots and lots of them.

The lokpal is a body that will punish the corrupts. But how will it be able to stop the corruption? The only way it can is by sending a strong message to the corrupts by punishing the guilty. But it can be done with the existing laws too. What we need is reforms in the existing structures and proper implementation of the laws. Why build a whole new apparatus without being sure of its effectiveness?

Then what’s the soultion, you will ask. Admittedly, I am not an expert in policy making. But I can suggest a few things that, I think, will work better than the Lokpal.

A. Transparency: Bring more transparency to the different institutions’ working. More transparency means less possibility of corruption. Right To Information is one small way using which even public can keep an eye on the working of any institution. There is more scope for transparency.

B. Electoral reforms: The system should ensure that good people come to politics. Electoral reforms will take care of that. When you have good people in politics, you can expect more transparency and less corruption.

C. Expedite the corruption cases in the court and execute the order swiftly: This is almost the same what Lokpal system wishes to do. Why have a new body when we can do the same with the existing laws and organisations with reforms?

Anna Hazare and his movement may be well-intentioned but (in my opinion) this is not an effective battle against corruption. To his credit, Hazare has created an environment in which the Aam Admi is venting out his suppressed anger against corruption and corrupt politicians. But the anti-corruption medicine he prescribes is not the medicine India needs. All the debate happening concentrates over whose lokpal is better: the government’s or Anna’s. But sadly no one is ready to debate whether we really need a lokpal.